The Massacres of Indigenous Australia

1 Botany Bay December, 1790
Governor Arthur Phillip issued an order for "a party of two captains, two subalterns and forty privates, with a proper number of non-commissioned officers from the garrison to bring in six of those natives who reside near the head of Botany Bay; or, if that number shall be found impracticable, to put that number to death".
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2 The Black War 1800's
'The Black War refers' to a period of intermittent conflict between the British colonists, whalers and sealers including those of the American sealing fleet and Aborigines in Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) in the early years of the 19th century. The conflict has been described as a genocide resulting in the elimination of the full-blood Tasmanian Aboriginal population.
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3 Myall Creek June 10, 1838
30 to 40 defenceless Aboriginal people were hacked and slashed to death. They were beheaded and their headless bodies were left where they fell untill two days later when they were burned. The stockmen's killing spree ended with camp of drinking and bragging about their killings. They then set out to find the ten Aboriginal people they had missed. They found them the next day and murdered most of them.More: Creative Spirits
4 The Bathurst Massacres 1922 to 1924
Fighting began on an organised scale early in 1822, when an important leader of the Wiradjuri named Windradyne was captured by British soldiers. During 1823 there was a series of raids carried out by the Wiradjuri war party including scattering and spearing the livestock which were eating the animal food sources of the region. In most cases the Aboriginals raided targeted known enemies who had killed, raped or robbed Wiradjuri people. Early in June 1824, the troops of the 2nd Somerst Regiment moved out from Bathurst to confront Windradyne and his warriors and in late May and mid June 1824. It is estimated in the book "Six Australian Battlefields" by Al Grassby and Marji Hill, that one third of the entire population of Bathurst, perhaps more than 1000 men, women and children, perished.
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5 Mowla Bluff 1916
In the Kimberley, Western Australia, a station manager was particularly brutal and abusive, including sexually, causingss the tempers of the men in the tribe to boil over. Some of them gave the station manager a beating and a spear wound. In reprisal a group of settlers, vigilantes and officials, rounded up a large number of Aboriginal men, women and children and massacred them. The victims were shot and their bodies burned to conceal the crime. It is believed that up to 300 people were killed in this massacre.
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6 Noorat Victoria 1839
Europeans first settled the Noorat area in early 1839 when MacKillop and Smith established a run called Strathdownie - which was renamed Glenormiston by Niel Black, who purchased the property in 1840. Prior to European settlement, the area near Mount Noorat was a traditional meeting site where Indigenous tribes - the Kirrae Wuurong people - held ceremonies, bartered goods and settled disputes. By 1841, the population of the Mount Noorat clan numbered only four people. An outbreak of small pox during the 1830's was one cause of the population decline but the massacre of Indigenous people by white settlers was another. One of the worst massacres in the western district of Victoria allegedly occurred along Mount Emu Creek (pic near Noorat in August 1839. This was seemingly verified by Niel Black, who found a mass grave on the Glenormiston property.
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7 Cape Grim February 10, 1828
A massacre occurred in the North West of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), when four shepherds with musket guns are alleged to have ambushed over 30 Tasmanian Aborigines from the Pennemukeer band from Cape Grim, killing 30 and throwing their bodies over a 60 metre cliff into the sea. An unknown number were reported to have escaped. The hill where the massacre occurred was then called Victory Hill by the shepherds.
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8 Gippsland 1800 - 1860
The Aboriginal people of East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia, known as the Gunai/Kurnai people, fought against the European invasion of their land. The technical superiority of the Europeans' weapons gave the Europeans an absolute advantage. At least 300 people were killed, but other figures estimate up to 1,000, however it is extremely difficult to be certain about the real death toll as so few records still exist or were even made at the time. Diseases introduced from the 1820s by European sealers and whalers also caused a rapid decline in Aboriginal numbers.
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9 Coniston 1800 - 1860
Aug 14th - Oct 18th, 1928
The Massacre(s) took place near the Coniston cattle station, Northern Territory. This was the last known massacre of Indigenous Australians. People of the Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye groups were killed. The massacre occurred in revenge for the death of dingo hunter, Frederick Brooks, supposedly killed by Aborigines in August 1928 at a place now known as Yukurru, (also Brooks Soak). Official records stated that thirty-one people were killed. Another report states that are least twice that number were killed. Historians estimate that 60 to 110 Aboriginal people were killed. The Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye believe that up to 170 died.
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10 The Convincing Ground (Near Portland) 1833 or 1834
The Convincing Ground (near Portland) is probably the first and largest recorded massacre site in Victoria, There was tension between the local Indigenous Australian tribe, the Kilcarer gundidj clan of the Gunditjmara people and the whalers. In 1833 or 1834 this tension turned into a full fledged conflict over the ownership of a beached whale. Reports arising from a meeting in 1842 that Robinson had with Gunditjmara people stated only two members survived the massacre and that between 60 and 200 Aborigines killed, including women and children.
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11 Pinjarra 1834
The Battle of Pinjarra or Pinjarra Massacre was a conflict that occurred in Pinjarra, Western Australia between a group of 60 to 80 Australian Aborigines and a detachment of 25 soldiers and policemen led by Governor James Stirling in 1834. The name 'battle' is disputed by some who argue that the event was part of an invasion of Aboriginal lands and that the name 'battle' disguises the true nature of the conflict, which was a 'massacre' in which between 14 and 25 Aboriginal people were killed together with their women and children.
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12 Waterloo Creek (also known as the Slaughterhouse Creek or Australia Day massacre) 1838
A Sydney mounted police detachment, despatched by the Acting Governor General Colonel Kenneth Snodgrass, attacked an encampment of Kamilaroi people at a place called Waterloo Creek in remote bushland. The official reports spoke of between 12 and 80 killed but the missionary Lancelot Threkeld set the number at 120. Major James Nunn later boasted they had killed from two to three hundred natives, a figure endorsed by historian Roger Milliss. Whatever the numbers, most of the Kamilaroi were wiped out.
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Soooooo sorry for those people :( :(

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